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圓明園舍衛城考古發掘有新發現
2020-01-11 18:38   来源:  www.getslapt.com   评论:0 点击:

圓明園舍衛城考古發掘有新發現本报讯(记者叶晓彦)原本只能在文献和样式雷图纸上了解的圆明园舍卫城模样,

  本报讯(记者叶晓彦)原本只能在文献和样式雷图纸上了解的圆明园舍卫城模样,通过考古发掘慢慢立体丰满起来。记者昨天获悉,经过半年的考古工作,舍卫城第一期500平方米考古发掘已经完成,这座“园中佛城”南城门区域已经有了大致轮廓,专家还发现了与现存样式雷图纸记录不一样的地方。

This newspaper news (reporter ye xiaoyan) originally can only in the literature and style thunder drawings to understand the appearance of the city, through archaeological excavation slowly three-dimensional plump up. Reporters learned yesterday that after half a year of archaeological work, the first phase of the first 500 square meters of archaeological excavation has been completed, the \"garden in the city\" south gate area has a general outline, experts also found a different place from the existing mine drawing records.

  舍卫城是圆明园中专门开辟的一处城池式的寺庙建筑群,名称源自佛教史上第一座佛寺的所在地——古印度舍卫国城。然而1860年英法联军占领圆明园后,舍卫城的大批佛像及各种陈设法器被洗劫一空,损失无法估量。随着时代的更替,遗址被渣土或垃圾堆埋,完全看不出本来的模样。  

The Acropolis is a city-style temple complex specially opened in Old Summer Palace, named after the ancient Indian Acropolis, home to the first Buddhist temple in the history of Buddhism. However, in 1860, after the British and French forces occupied Old Summer Palace, the city's large number of Buddhist statues and various furnishings were ransacked, the loss is incalculable. With the change of time, the site is buried by the residue or garbage, completely cannot see the original appearance.

  去年6月5日至12月10日,北京市文物研究所对遗址进行了第一期考古发掘工作,发掘面积500平方米,清理出南城门、南城门东西两侧城墙各一段及马道、南城门内外御路各一段、城门东西两侧值房及南城门下涵洞一段。

From June 5 to December 10 last year, the Beijing Institute of Cultural Relics carried out the first archaeological excavation of the site, with an area of 500 square meters, clearing out a section of the walls of the south gate, the east and west sides of the south gate and a section of the Ma Dao, the royal road inside and outside the south gate, the east and west sides of the gate and a section of the culvert under the south gate.

  对于圆明园的盛期全貌,人们主要依靠文献和“样式雷”家族流传下来的设计图样来了解,舍卫城也是一样,在考古发掘之前,考古人员也只能通过“样式雷”图样等资料来推测舍卫城的模样,以及将这些资料作为考古工作的重要依据。但是在考古过程中,考古人员也发现了一些跟样式雷图纸的不同之处,比如在南城门外,考古人员就发现了紧挨城门两侧的值房,以及城门内外两侧青石基座。“但在样式雷的图样里,值房的位置并不是这样的。”

For the grand view of Old Summer Palace, people mainly rely on the literature and the design patterns of the \"style thunder\" family to understand, the same is true of the city, before the archaeological excavation, archaeologists can only use \"style thunder\" patterns to speculate on the appearance of the city, and these materials as an important basis for archaeological work. However, in the course of archaeology, archaeologists also found some of the difference with the pattern of mine drawings, such as outside the south gate, archaeologists found the city gate on either side of the value of the house, as well as the city gate on both sides of the base. \"But in the pattern of mine, the position of the value room is not like this.


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